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Autor Téma: Samba, zvlastni chovani  (Přečteno 1167 krát)

kacerx

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Samba, zvlastni chovani
« kdy: 08 Srpen 2016, 11:30:00 »
koncem roku jsem nainstaloval:
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description:    Ubuntu 14.04.4 LTS
Release:        14.04
Codename:       trusty

dale (aktualni verze):
ii  samba                  2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub amd64            SMB/CIFS file, print, and login server for Unix
ii  samba-common           2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub all              common files used by both the Samba server and cli
ii  samba-common-bin       2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub amd64            Samba common files used by both the server and the
ii  samba-dsdb-modules     2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub amd64            Samba Directory Services Database
ii  samba-libs:amd64       2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub amd64            Samba core libraries
ii  samba-vfs-modules      2:4.3.9+dfsg-0ub amd64            Samba Virtual FileSystem plugins

samba, potazmo sdileni disku, ktery je pouzit, fungovalo bez problemu, az do jednoho dne, kdy probehly aktualizace vcetne samby samotne, pote zacaly problemy, musel jsem zmenit .conf od samby, znovu provest chmod 777 -R /home/disk, reboot a samba normalne fungovala, jeste jsem preskocil, ze po update samby, uz nesel pouzit puvodni .conf, kde bylo zadano security=share, tento radek, kdyz je v .conf, nelze sambu vubec spustit, radek musi byt smazan, kdyz provedu z win zapis programem, ktery je nainstalovany do adresare na sdilenem disku, samba padne a musim znovu provest proceduru chmod 777 -R /home/disk, reboot a pak to zase funguje, nevi nekdo v cem muze byt chyba?

.conf:
#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
#  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
#    differs from the default Samba behaviour
#  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
#    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
#    enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
   workgroup = WORKGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
   server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
#   wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
   dns proxy = no

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
;   bind interfaces only = yes



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
   max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
#   syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
   syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
   panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller".
#
# Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.
   server role = standalone server

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using. 
   passdb backend = tdbsam

   obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
   unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
   passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
   passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
   pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
   map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

#
# The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
# classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
# or 'domain logons' is set
#

# It specifies the location of the user's
# profile directory from the client point of view) The following
# required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
# below)
;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
#   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
;   logon drive = H:
#   logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
;   logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
# SAMR RPC pipe. 
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. 
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
;   template shell = /bin/bash

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
;   usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
   usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
# user's home directory as \\server\username
;[homes]
;   comment = Home Directories
;   browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
;   read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
;   create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
;   directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.
# Un-comment the following parameter to make sure that only "username"
# can connect to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
;   valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
;   comment = Users profiles
;   path = /home/samba/profiles
;   guest ok = no
;   browseable = no
;   create mask = 0600
;   directory mask = 0700

[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   browseable = no
   path = /var/spool/samba
   printable = yes
   guest ok = no
   read only = yes
   create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
   comment = Printer Drivers
   path = /var/lib/samba/printers
   browseable = yes
   read only = yes
   guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
;   write list = root, @lpadmin

[xxxx]
comment =  xxx
path = /home/disk/xxxx
public = yes
writable = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
force user = nobody
force group = nogroup

uzivatel pro sambu, je zapsany v systemu i v sambe samotne....

dik za pripadnou pomoc....

marshall1727

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Re:Samba, zvlastni chovani
« Odpověď #1 kdy: 18 Srpen 2016, 03:00:26 »
myslím, že security = share je ve stavu "depreciated" už nějakou dobu. co jste tam dal místo toho? podrobněji třeba tady: https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1962617
--
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kacerx

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Re:Samba, zvlastni chovani
« Odpověď #2 kdy: 18 Srpen 2016, 08:04:24 »
dik za odpoved, nepouzil jsem nic....

link si proctu a zkusim...

marshall1727

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Re:Samba, zvlastni chovani
« Odpověď #3 kdy: 18 Srpen 2016, 11:45:57 »
nevím jesti tam může nic nebýt. navrhují tam řádky:
security = user
map to guest = Bad User
ale já jsem nakonec skončil u uživatelských účtů s heslem. klienti (W10) vcelku nemají problém s jejich uložením a aspoň vím kdo je autor čeho a pokud má někdo problém tak z logu pak poznáte co je u toho klienta špatně.
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kacerx

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Re:Samba, zvlastni chovani
« Odpověď #4 kdy: 06 Září 2017, 13:35:48 »
jeste me napadlo, jestli to nesouvisi s uzivatelem pro sambu samotnou, mel by mit prava pro pristup do slozky? jelikoz uzivatel samby se jmenuje "uzivatel", kdyz si udelam vypis uzivatelu ohledne prav pro adresar, vidim pouze uzivatele "root", diky za info

security = USER

jsem uz doplnil, reboot a beze zmeny k lepsimu
« Poslední změna: 06 Září 2017, 13:38:59 od kacerx »

marshall1727

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Re:Samba, zvlastni chovani
« Odpověď #5 kdy: 06 Září 2017, 14:31:18 »
Já už toto asi vědět nebudu. Pro mě je to vždycky magie, aby to jelo tak jak potřebuji, aby to fungovalo a např. přechod na UTF-8 v názvech souborů odkládám už několik let, protože co funguje, do toho se nevrtá. Takto vypadá můj prastarý konfigurák:

Kód: [Vybrat]
# Samba config file created using SWAT
.# from UNKNOWN (127.0.0.1) ..
# Date: 2004/03/23 15:36:02
 
# Global parameters
[global]
hosts allow = 192.168.1.XXX
netbios name = xxxxxxx
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
full_audit:success = mkdir rename unlink rmdir pwrite
server max protocol = NT1
full_audit:priority = NOTICE
domain master = yes
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
printcap name = /dev/null
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_SNDBUF=8192 SO_RCVBUF=8192
disable spoolss = yes
preferred master = no
workgroup = XXX
guest ok = Yes
printcap cache time = 0
encrypt passwords = true
dns proxy = No
full_audit:facility = LOCAL7
dos charset = cp852
local master = yes
debug level = 3
os level = 65
interfaces = 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0 10.8.0.0/255.255.255.0
printing = bsd
vfs objects = full_audit
wins support = yes
full_audit:failure = none
max log size = 50000
load printers = no
idmap uid = 1000-2000
create mask = 0777
full_audit:prefix = %I|%m|%S
writable = yes
unix charset = ISO8859-2
idmap gid = 1-5000
security = user
directory mask = 0777
smb ports = 139
server signing = no
# username map = /etc/samba/smbusers
# null passwords = yes
# printer = LaserJet_P2015
# printer admin = @adm
# map to guest = Bad User
#        client code page = 0
#        character set = ISO8859-2
#        preserve case = yes
#        short preserve case = yes
#        case sensitive = yes
#        hosts equiv = /etc/hosts.allow
#        mangle case = Yes
 



[Akta]
force create mode = 0777
path = /media/Akta
force directory mode = 0777
# public = yes
# writable = yes
# force user = nobody
# force user = nogroup

available = yes
browsable = yes
public = yes
writable = yes

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koupil jsem si nový server a ladím ho. proto to zde spamuju. (2xXeon5110; IntelServerBoard S5000PSL; 2x2x1GbECC;4xRaptor150G)